TINV Function

Basic Description

The Excel TINV function calculates the inverse of the two-tailed Student’s T Distribution, which is a continuous probability distribution that is frequently used for testing hypotheses on small sample data sets.

Syntax: TINV( probability, degrees_freedom )

Where the function arguments are listed in the table below:

probability The probability (between 0 and 1) for which you want to evaluate the inverse of the Student’s T Distribution.
degrees_freedom The number of degrees of freedom (must be ≥ 1)

Excel uses an iterative method to calculate the Tinv function and seeks to find a result, x, such that TDIST( x, degrees_freedom, 2 ) = probability.

Note that the Excel Tinv Function calculates the inverse of the two-tailed Student’s T Distribution. – if you want to calculate the inverse of the one-tailed t-distribution you can simply double the probability. ie. The one-tailed inverse Student’s T Distribution = TINV( 2*probability, degrees_freedom ).

 

Plot of Inverse of 2-Tailed Student's T Distribution with 10 Degrees of Freedom

2-Tailed Inverse Student’s T-Distribution with 10 Degrees of Freedom

Tinv Function Examples

The chart on the right shows the 2-tailed Inverse Student’s T Distribution with 10 degrees of freedom.

If you want to calculate the value of this function for a probability of 0.25, this can be done using the Excel Tinv function, as follows:

=TINV( 0.25, 10 )

This gives the result 1.221255395.

If you want to calculate the value of the one-tailed inverse Student’s T-Distribution for a Probability of 0.25, this can be done by doubling the probability, as follows :

=TINV( 0.5, 10 )

This gives the result 0.699812061.

 

Tinv Function Errors

If you get an error from your Excel Tinv function this is likely to be one of the following :

#NUM! Occurs if either The supplied probability argument is < 0 or > 1 or the supplied degrees_freedom argument is < 1
#VALUE! Occurs if either of the supplied arguments are non-numeric

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>

*

code

clearPost Comment