RANK.AVG Function

Basic Description

The Excel RANK.AVG function returns the statistical rank of a given value, within a supplied array of values. If there are duplicate values in the list, the average rank is returned. The Rank.Avg function is new in Excel 2010, and so is not available in earlier versions of Excel.

Syntax: RANK.AVG( number, ref, [order] )

Where the function arguments are:

number The value for which you want to find the rank
ref An array of values containing the supplied number
[order] An optional argument which defines whether the ref list should be ordered in ascending or decending order
The [order] argument can take the value 0 or 1, meaning :

0   – denotes decending order
1   – denotes ascending order

If the [order] argument is omitted, it will take the default value of 0 (ie. decending order). Any non-zero value is treated as the value 1 (ie. ascending order)

RANK.EQ & RANK.AVG Functions

The Rank.Eq and Rank.Avg functions are both new to Excel 2010. The difference between these two functions occurs when there are duplicates in the list of values. The Rank.Eq function returns the lower rank, whereas the Rank.Avg function returns the average rank. For example, in the list of values 4, 5, 5, 6 (in ascending order), the value ‘5’ occupies the 2nd and 3rd positions. Therefore, when calculating the rank of the value 5 :

RANK.EQ returns the rank 2
RANK.AVG returns the rank 2.5

Both the Rank.Eq and the Rank.Avg function return a rank of 4 for the value 6.

Rank.Avg Function Examples

The following spreadsheet shows examples of the Excel Rank.Avg Function used to calculate the rank of values within the simple set {1, 11, 6, 9, 2, 5, 9}. The format of the functions are shown in the spreadsheet on the left and the resulting values are shown in the spreadsheet on the right.


Examples of use of the Excel Rank.Avg Function


Excel Rank.Avg Function Results

Note that, in the above examples:

  • the functions in cells B1 and B2 are the same – The order argument is omitted in cell B1 and so it takes the default value of 0 (descending order)
  • as the supplied array contains two values equal to 9, when the array is in ascending order, the number 9 has rank 5.5 (see the example in cell B4) and the next value, 11, has rank 7 (see cell B5)


Rank.Avg Function Error

If you get an error from the Excel Rank.Avg function this is likely to be the #N/A error occurs if the supplied number is not present in the supplied array of values.

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