DAVERAGE Function

Basic Description

The Excel Daverage function calculates the average of values in a field (column) in a database for selected records, that satisfy user-specified criteria. The function is very similar to the Excel Averageifs function, which was first introduced in Excel 2007.

Syntax: DAVERAGE( database, field, criteria )

where the arguments are shown in the table below:

database A range of cells containing the database. The top row of the database should specify the field names.
field The field (column) within the database, for which the average is to be calculated.This can either be a field number, or can be the field name (ie. the header in the top row of the database) encased in quotes (eg. “Area”, “Quarter”, etc)
criteria A range of cells that contain the criteria, to specify which records should be included in the calculation.The range can include one or more criteria, which are presented as a field name in one cell and the condition for that field in the cell below.

eg.

Quarter Area
>2 North

Note that the Excel database functions are not case sensitive. So, for example, the criteria =”North” will be satisfied by cells containing the text “North” or “north”.

 

Excel Daverage Function Examples

A B C D
1 Quarter Area Sales Rep. Sales
2 1 North Monower 223,000
3 1 North Mostofa 125,000
4 1 South Sayem 456,000
5 1 South Mahmud 289,000
6 2 North Khandaker 322,000
7 2 North Kabir 340,000
8 2 South Nusrat 198,000
9 2 South Sharmin 222,000
10 3 North Sabiha 310,000
11 3 North Abdul 250,000
12 3 South Momin 460,000
13 3 South Tina 395,000
14 4 North Samiha 261,000
15 4 North Maisa 389,000
16 4 South Azwad 305,000
17 4 South Arisha 188,000

The following examples are based on the simple database on the right, which stores the sales figures for four sales representatives, over the four quarters of a year.

 

Example 1

In the example below, the Daverage function is used to calculate the average quarterly sales in quarters 2, 3 and 4, for the Sales Rep. “Tina”. The criteria are specified in cells F1 – G2 and the format of the Daverage function is shown in cell F3.

F G
1 Quarter Sales Rep.
2 >1 Tina
3 =DAVERAGE( A1:D17, “Sales”, F1:G2 )

The above Daverage function calculates the average of the values in cells D9, D13 & D17, and therefore returns the value $268,333.

 

Example 2

In the example below, the Daverage function is used to calculate the average sales in quarter 1, by sales reps in the “South” area.

F G
1 Quarter Area
2 1 South
3 =DAVERAGE( A1:D17, “Sales”, F1:G2 )

 

The above Daverage function calculates the average of the values in cells D4 and D5 and so returns the value $372,500. Note that, in the above two examples, instead of typing in “Sales” for the field argument, we could have simply used the number 4 (to denote the 4th column of the database).

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