CUBESET function

Basic Description

Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel.

Syntax: CUBESET(connection, set_expression, caption, sort_order, sort_by)

connection is a text string of the name of the connection to the cube.

set_expression is a text string of a set expression that results in a set of members or tuples. Set_expression can also be a cell reference to an Excel range that contains one or more members, tuples, or sets included in the set.

caption is a text string that is displayed in the cell instead of the caption, if one is defined, from the cube.

sort_order is the type of sort, if any, to perform and can be one of the following:

Integer Enumerated
Description Sort_by argument
0 SortNone Leaves the set in existing order. Ignored
1 SortAscending Sorts set in ascending order by sort_by. Required
2 SortDescending Sorts set in descending order by sort_by. Required
3 SortAlphaAscending Sorts set in alpha ascending order. Ignored
4 Sort_Alpha_Descending Sorts set in alpha descending order. Ignored
5 Sort_Natural_Ascending Sorts set in natural ascending order. Ignored
6 Sort_Natural_Descending Sorts set in natural descending order. Ignored


The default value is 0. An alpha sort for a set of tuples sorts on the last element in each tuple. For more information on these different sort orders, see the Microsoft Office SQL Analysis Services help system.

sort_by is a text string of the value by which to sort. For example, to get the city with the highest sales, set_expression would be a set of cities, and sort_by would be the sales measure. Or, to get the city with the highest population, set_expression would be a set of cities, and sort_by would be the population measure. If sort_order requires sort_by, and sort_by is omitted, CUBESET returns the #VALUE! error message.


  • When the CUBESET function evaluates, it temporarily displays a “#GETTING_DATA…” message in the cell before all of the data is retrieved.
  • If the connection name is not a valid workbook connection stored in the workbook, CUBESET returns a #NAME? error value. If the Online Analytical Processing (OLAP) server is not running, not available, or returns an error message, CUBESET returns a #NAME? error value.
  • If the set_expression syntax is incorrect or the set contains at least one member with a different dimension than the other members, CUBESET returns a #N/A error value.
  • If set_expression is longer than 255 characters, which is the limit for an argument to a function, CUBESET returns a #VALUE! error value. To use text strings longer than 255 characters, enter the text string in a cell (for which the limit is 32,767 characters), and then use a cell reference as the argument.
  • CUBESET may return a #N/A error value if you reference a session-based object, such as a calculated member or named set, in a PivotTable when sharing a connection, and that PivotTable is deleted or you convert the PivotTable to formulas. (On the Options tab, in the Tools group, click OLAP Tools, and then click Convert to Formulas.)


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